Understanding free will
What is the difference between God's will, Mars will and the free will needed to solve a bad lajjiatadivastha?
Also, regarding the concept that we need to believe there is a free will where actually there is none... If so, can a bad lajjitadivastha be really solved?
Also, where does Capricorn fit in to all this free-will related matter? Since Mars gets exalted in Capricorn...
I don't think it can be grasped by the mind.
Especially on a day where there is a Saturn-Mars opposition and Venus-Moon starvation in Leo 😉
And the moon is an a nakshatra associated with mourning, falling down, and failing.
In case you haven't yet, I highly recommend watching Ernst's video "Astrology, Fate and Freewill", he has uploaded on his YouTube channel:
I'm not sure whether that is still up to date with how he currently practices Astrology, but I found it to be very insightful.
As for why Mars is exalted in Capricorn, I found some compelling explanations in Ernst's old Rasi Sutras class. In video 2 of that class, he describes how Capricorn is one of signs ruled by Saturn and thus also one of the signs through which we reap the fruits of out actions (materially, anyway). Capricorn is a receptive sign, it's about how we handle what we reap.
I think it was also in one of his latest LA's videos that he described Mars as the planet we use for dealing emergencies, as epitomized by the fire fighter. The greatest use of Mars (our willpower, logic, discipline, our strong opinions about right and wrong) is to use him only when we really need him, i. e. when we reap the fruits and have to react to them. So the best use of Mars is often to not do anything, rest, and be ready for that crucial moment.
The Jaimini beginner's class (Introduction to Rasi aspects) Ernst also explains that Mars is exalted in Capricorn, which is the root chakra and says that Mars is exalted and best used when it does what's required to survive for the body (Capricorn = sign of survival).
Also, I remember Ernst saying in some video (don't remember which) that a strong Mars gives the illusion of having free will rather than giving a greater degree of free will than other planets or Mars in a different sign.
Hope this helps!